Chronology of World, British and American Literature.
Joseph Conrad. British. 1902. Story. “Heart of Darkness.” The “heart of darkness’ is the jungle and the primitive subconscious heart of man.
Andre Gide. French. 1902. Tale. The Immoralist. Effects of rising above the conventions of good and evil.
Rudyard Kipling. British. 1902. Stories. Just So Stories. Why the Leopard has spots, etc.
Maksim Gorky. Russian. 1902. Play. The Lower Depths. Derelicts in sleazy flophouse. Whether to live without illusions on one’s own strength or to shield oneself from pain of life by accepting romanticized view of the world.