Chronology of World, British and American Literature
Jean-Paul Sartre. French. 1943. Nonfiction. Being and Nothingness. Freedom to shape existence is limited by the facts of the external world but not by human nature. The nothingness of human essence, without God or meaning in life, allows infinite potentialities in shaping of life.
Jean-Paul Sartre. French. 1943. Play. The Flies. Adaptation of Aeschylus’ Orestes. Flies (furies) represent acceptance of consequences of one’s acts.
Jose Lins do Rego. Brazil. 1943. Novel. Fogo Morto. Plantation life in northeastern Brazil. Decadence of dying aristocracy. New society. Consciousness of passing time.
Ayn Rand. Russian/American. 1943. Novel. The Fountainhead. Modeled on Frank Lloyd Wright, an architect of enormous conceit, but who has faith in the values of design.
TS Eliot. American/British. 1943. Poetry. Four Quartets. Four poems named for four different places. Elaborately constructed as a piece of music.