Anonymous. German. 1515/17. Satire. Epistolae Obscurorum Virorum (Letters of Unknown Men). Satire on Scholasticism.
Ludovico Ariosto. Italian. 1516. Epic Poem. Orlando Furioso (Roland Mad). Charlemagne’s paladins vs. various pagan knights.
Martin Luther. German. 1517. Religion. The Ninety-Five Theses. Condemns selling indulgences. After confession, absolution is dependent on the sinner’s faith and divine grace, not upon the priest.
John Heywood. British. 1520. Interlude. The Four P’s. Debate: Who can tell the biggest lie? The Palmer asserts that he never saw a woman out of temper and wins the prize.
Baldassare Castiglione. Italian. 1528. Courtesy. The Courtier. Four books. Dialogues. The perfect courtier and court lady. The courtier is versatile, but nonchalant. His role is to guide princes in government.