Chronology of World, British and American Literature
Goethe. German. 1795. Novels. Wilhelm Meister. Original and classic example of the Bildungsroman. Progress from naïve, excitable youth to responsible manhood. Gradually develops modest, objective view of himself.
Matthew Gregory Lewis. British. 1795. Gothic Novel. The Monk. Monk seduced by demon in disguise. Destroyed by the Devil in a desert waste.
Friedrich Schiller. German. 1795/96. Essay. On Naïve and Sentimental Poetry. Naïve poet = realist. Sentimental poet = idealist.
George Washington. American. 1796. Speech. Farewell Address (from the Presidency). Never delivered. Reasons for not seeking a third term. Warned against the dangers of the party system. Avoid permanent foreign alliances. Temporary alliances in extraordinary circumstances.
Denis Diderot. French. 1796. Novel. Jacques le fatalist. Digressions. Stories within stories. Novel as medium for depicting reality. Determinism vs. fatalism.