Chronology of World, British and American Literature
Ralph W. Emerson. American. 1836. Essay. “Nature.” Behind every natural fact, the transcendentalist finds a spiritual truth.
Georg Buchner. German. 1836. Play. Woyzeck. Social, economic injustices that led to wife’s faithlessness and husband’s murder of her. Quick succession of short, meaningful scenes. Treats human agony in pure state.
Nikolay Gogol. Russian. 1836. Play. The Inspector General. Mistaken identity. Run-of-mill civil servant mistaken for Inspector. Goes along. Found out, leaves town.
Nathaniel Hawthorne. American. 1837. Stories. Twice-Told Tales. “Howe’s Masquerade”; “The Grey Champion”; “The Great Carbuncle”; “The Minister’s Black Veil.”
Thomas Carlyle. British. 1837. History. The French Revolution. Central motif is the nemesis that follows upon oppression of the poor.