Chronology of World, British and American Literature
James Russell Lowell. American. 1848. Poetry and Prose. The Bigelow Papers. Poems in dialect; prose in standard English. Satirizes politicians, editors and the wealthy. Yankee dialect.
James Russell Lowell. American. 1848. Poetry/Satire. Fable for Critics. Witty profiles of leading writers: Emerson, Longfellow, Hawthorne, Poe, Cooper, Whittier, Holmes and himself.
Francois Rene de Chateaubriand. 1848/50. Autobiography. Memoires d’outre-tombe (Memories from Beyond the Tomb). Personal reminiscences by Chateaubriand.
Thackeray. British. 1848/50. Novel. The History of Pendennis. Spoiled boy has affairs, matures, writes novel and marries true love.
Thoreau. American. 1849. Essay. “Civil Disobedience.” “Government is best which governs least.” True to oneself, one may then be true to government.