Chronology of World, British and American Literature
Francis Scott Key. American. 1814. Song. “Star Spangled Banner.” Written during the War of 1812. Sept 13 and 14. Part scribbled on back of envelope. Sung to the tune of “To Anacreon in Heaven” by English composer John Stafford Smith. Became National Anthem in 1931 by act of Congress.
Adelbert von Chamisso. German. 1814. Story. “Peter Schlemihl’s Wundersame Geschichte.” Gives up shadow to gray stranger for purse. Balance between fantastic subject and matter-of-fact style in which it is treated.
Lord Byron. British. 1814. Poetry. “The Corsair.” Adventures of Conrad the Pirate and Queen Gulnare. Prototype of the Byronic hero.
Sir Walter Scott. British. 1814. Novel. Waverly. Background is the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745.
Wordsworth. British. 1814. Poetry. The Excursion. Discusses virtue, religious faith, the industrial revolution and its social effects, and the education of children.