Chronology of World, British and American Literature
Victor Hugo. French. 1831. Romance. The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Romance of medieval times. Esmeralda; Capt. Phoebus; Frollo; Quasimodo, the deformed bell ringer.
Thomas Love Peacock. British. 1831. Novel.
George Sand. British. 1832. Novel.
Aleksandr Pushkin. Russian. 1833. Story. “The Queen of Spades.” Calm, matter-of-fact telling of the mental breakdown of a gambler.