Chronology of World, British and American Literature
Lewis Carroll. British. 1872. Children’s Story? Through the Looking Glass. Sequel to Wonderland; world behind the mirror, everything reversed.
Jose Hernandez. Argentine. 1872. Narrative Poem. Martin Fiero. Argentine national classic; Gaucho literature; illiterate gauchos vs.
Friedrich Nietzsche. German. 1872. Nonfiction. The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music. Attacks conception that Greek culture was perfectly static, blissful. Apollonian vs. Dionysiac. Apollonian = individuation, rationality, form, structure. Dionysiac = “will,” directly opposed to the Apollonian. Enthusiasm, ecstasy; man gives up individuality and submerges himself in a greater whole.
Samuel Butler. British. 1872. Satiric Novel. Erewhon. Utopian. Satirizes English attitudes toward religion, science, crime, etc.
Dostoevsky. Russian. 1873. Variety. A Diary of a Writer. Articles, sketches published in the form of a journal. Concerned with political and social questions.