Wednesday, October 14, 2009

1872 - 1873: Through the Looking Glass to A Diary of a Writer.

Chronology of World, British and American Literature

Lewis Carroll. British. 1872. Children’s Story? Through the Looking Glass. Sequel to Wonderland; world behind the mirror, everything reversed. Alice is a white pawn in a chess game; eventually, she becomes queen and wakes up. The Jabberwocky is in this supposed children’s tale.

Jose Hernandez. Argentine. 1872. Narrative Poem. Martin Fiero. Argentine national classic; Gaucho literature; illiterate gauchos vs. Buenos Aires educated.

Friedrich Nietzsche. German. 1872. Nonfiction. The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music. Attacks conception that Greek culture was perfectly static, blissful. Apollonian vs. Dionysiac. Apollonian = individuation, rationality, form, structure. Dionysiac = “will,” directly opposed to the Apollonian. Enthusiasm, ecstasy; man gives up individuality and submerges himself in a greater whole.

Samuel Butler. British. 1872. Satiric Novel. Erewhon. Utopian. Satirizes English attitudes toward religion, science, crime, etc.

Dostoevsky. Russian. 1873. Variety. A Diary of a Writer. Articles, sketches published in the form of a journal. Concerned with political and social questions.

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